Embedded systems are commonly found in consumer, cooking, industrial, automotive, medical, commercial and military applications.
Telecommunications systems employ numerous embedded systems from telephone switches for the network to cell phones at the end-user. Computer networking uses dedicated routers and network bridges to route data.
Consumer electronics include personal digital assistants (PDAs), mp3 players, mobile phones, videogame consoles, digital cameras, DVD players, GPS receivers, and printers. Household appliances, such as microwave ovens, washing machinesand dishwashers, include embedded systems to provide flexibility, efficiency and features.
Advanced HVAC systems use networked thermostats to more accurately and efficiently control temperature that can change by time of day and season.Home automation uses wired- and wireless-networking that can be used to control lights, climate, security, audio/visual, surveillance, etc., all of which use embedded devices for sensing and controlling.
Transportation systems from flight to automobiles increasingly use embedded systems. New airplanes contain advancedavionics such as inertial guidance systems and GPS receivers that also have considerable safety requirements. Various electric motors — brushless DC motors, induction motors and DC motors — use electric/electronic motor controllers.Automobiles, electric vehicles, and hybrid vehicles increasingly use embedded systems to maximize efficiency and reduce pollution. Other automotive safety systems include anti-lock braking system (ABS), Electronic Stability Control (ESC/ESP), traction control (TCS) and automatic four-wheel drive.
Medical equipment uses embedded systems for vital signs monitoring, electronic stethoscopes for amplifying sounds, and various medical imaging (PET, SPECT, CT,MRI) for non-invasive internal inspections. Embedded systems within medical equipment are often powered by industrial computers. Embedded systems are used in transportation, fire safety, safety and security, medical applications and life critical systems, as these systems can be isolated from hacking and thus, be more reliable. For fire safety, the systems can be designed to have greater ability to handle higher temperatures and continue to operate. In dealing with security, the embedded systems can be self-sufficient and be able to deal with cut electrical and communication systems.
A new class of miniature wireless devices called motes are quickly gaining popularity as the field of wireless sensor networking is increasing. Wireless sensor networking, WSN, makes use of miniaturization made possible by advanced IC design to couple full wireless subsystems to sophisticated sensors, enabling people and companies to measure a myriad of things in the physical world and act on this information through IT monitoring and control systems. These motes are completely self-contained, and will typically run off a battery source for years before the batteries need to be changed or charged.
Embedded Wi-Fi modules provide a simple means of wirelessly enabling any device which communicates via a serial port.
Posted By-: Vissicomp Technology Pvt. Ltd.
Website -: http://www.vissicomp.com
This entry was posted in Embedded systems and technologies and tagged avionics, brushless DC motors, cell phones, Consumer electronics, digital cameras, DVD players, electric vehicles, Electronic Stability Control, GPS, HVAC, hybrid vehicles, induction motors, microwave ovens, motor controllers.Automobiles, MP3 players, network bridges, personal digital assistants, printers, routers, season.Home automation, telephone switches, thermostats, videogame consoles, washing machines.
Embedded systems offer a huge opportunity for the trainee ranging from chip designing to system architecture and formulating testing strategy for software. So why not plan to start a career in embedded engineering?
Today, embedded systems are everywhere. Although you do not usually interact much with these systems, these tiny computers are present (besides PCs or workstations) in anything electronic that seems intelligent such as mobile phones, smart card readers, set-top boxes, microwave ovens, music systems, digital cameras, TVs, MP3 players, ATMs, automobiles, traffic signals and numerous other gadgets that we come across in our everyday life. Being a unique combination of computer hardware, software and sometimes additional mechanical or other parts, embedded systems focus on one task and do it well. In other words, these sit inside your devices to add an element of smartness to them.
An embedded device is one in which the software is hidden in the hardware on which it runs. Embedded systems are usually designed to perform a specific function within a given time frame—for example, to help you choose for how long your washing machine should run, confer thinking power to the microwave oven and propel rocket launchers into space.
Let’s figure out the opportunities in embedded industry and also if a career in this field could prove to be a good take-off for you.
What’s the market like?
Spurred by increasing sales of electronics and burgeoning telecom sector, the Indian semiconductor design industry is all set to reach $10.2 billion by 2012, from $7.5 billion in 2010, says a report by the India Semiconductor Association (ISA).
The Indian chip design industry, which comprises very-large-scale integration (VLSI) design, embedded software development and board design, is expected to grow 17.3 per cent year-on-year to reach the whopping figure of $10.2 billion by 2012. This tremendous rate of growth will also require a large number of skilled professionals to increase the quality of work churned out.
The report further adds that the Indian semiconductor design industry employed a workforce of 160,000 in 2010, of which embedded software accounts for as much as 82 per cent employment. Thus highlighting the fact that embedded systems open up a plethora of opportunities for their practitioners.
India’s semiconductor consumption is projected to reach $8.2 billion in 2011, a 15.5 per cent jump from 2010 consumption of $7.1 billion, according to research firm Gartner Inc. Based on this forecast, India is the fastest growing market in terms of semiconductor consumption for 2011.
“Changing demographics, increasing consumer affluence, economic growth and favorable government policy continues to drive the electronic equipment manufacturing industry in India. Numerous global electronic equipment manufacturing companies have set up production facilities in India to take advantage of the growing domestic market, and to cater to neighboring markets in the region.
“Given the low penetration and the growing demand for key electronic equipment such as mobile phones, desktops, laptop computers and LCD TVs, we believe the Indian market will be able to easily sustain high growth rates in the coming years. Therefore we expect India’s semiconductor consumption to grow the fastest across the globe through 2015 at a compound annual growth rate of 15.9 per cent to reach nearly $15 billion. Through 2015, nearly three-fourth of India’s semiconductor consumption will be accounted for by these three electronic equipment segments.
“With India becoming the hub for semiconductor design, the embedded industry offers tremendous job opportunities countrywide. If you plan to enter into this field, you need not worry about the respective job prospects. We require tons of embedded professionals to create all that is possible—be it in telecom, networking, automotive, medical and so on.”
Posted By-: Vissicomp Technology Pvt. Ltd.
Website -: http://www.vissicomp.com
This entry was posted in Embedded systems and technologies and tagged ATMs, automobiles, automotive, digital cameras, medical, microwave ovens, MP3 players, music systems, Networking, traffic signals telecom, TVs.